The Four Noble Truths
- The truth of suffering. (The unsatisfactory nature of all phenomena.)
- The truth of the origin of suffering. (Craving for sense pleasures, for continued existence, for becoming, for non-existence, for self-annihilation.)
- The truth of the cessation of suffering. (Freedom from craving).
- The Eightfold Noble Path (Leading to the cessation of suffering) are listed below and fall into three categories:
- Right View or Understanding (Seeing things as they are)
- Right Thought or Aspiration (Thoughts of renunciation, goodwill and compassion)
- Right Speech (No lying, slander, harsh words or gossip)
- Right Action (No killing, stealing, or sexual misconduct)
- Right Livelihood (Not dealing in killing or intoxicants)
- Right Effort (Mental energy or effort: to abandon unwholesome thoughts that have arisen; to prevent unwholesome thoughts from arising; to develop wholesome thoughts; to maintain meditation)
- Right Mindfulness (Complete awareness and clear comprehension of: the body; feelings; mind; and mind objects). This is also known as The Four Foundations of Mindfulness described by Buddha in the Satipatthana Sutta.
- Right Meditation (Various forms of Buddhist meditation)